Petrology and Geochemistry of an Unusual Granulite Facies Xenolith of the Late Oligocene Post-Obduction Koum Granodiorite (New Caledonia, Southwest Pacific): Geodynamic Inferences - Université de la Nouvelle-Calédonie Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Minerals Année : 2024

Petrology and Geochemistry of an Unusual Granulite Facies Xenolith of the Late Oligocene Post-Obduction Koum Granodiorite (New Caledonia, Southwest Pacific): Geodynamic Inferences

Fabien Trotet
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Jean-Louis Paquette

Résumé

Pressure–temperature estimates of a xenolith found within a post-obduction granodiorite in southern New Caledonia provide evidence for subcrustal, granulite facies, peak crystallisation conditions (ca. 850 °C—8.5 ± 1.0 kbar), followed by isobaric cooling to 700 °C, and final decompression with partial rehydration at ca. 650 °C—3.5 kbar. The xenolith, dated at 24.7 Ma (U-Pb zircon), i.e., the same age as the granodiorite host rock, has low SiO2 (35.5 wt%) and high Al2O3 (33.2 wt%) contents, suggesting that it is the restite of a previous melting episode, while the elevated Ca (Ba and Sr) contents suggest mantle metasomatism. Although the concentrations of Rb, K, Ca, Ba, and Sr have been strongly modified, some geochemical (REE patterns and some “immobile” trace element ratios) and isotopic (Sr and Nd isotopic ratios, U-Pb zircon age) characteristics of the granulite facies xenolith are similar to those of the xenoliths found in other Late Oligocene intrusions in southern New Caledonia; therefore, this rock is interpreted to be related to an early magmatic episode. The rock protolith was emplaced and equilibrated at the base of the crust where it underwent ductile deformation. Younger ascending magma picked it up and they eventually crystallised together at a shallow crustal level, near the tectonic sole of the ophiolite. The recrystallisation and ductile deformation at ~8.5 kbar suggest that a rheological discontinuity existed at about 25–28 km, probably representing the Moho. It is concluded that a continental crust of normal thickness must have existed beneath New Caledonia at about 24 Ma, i.e., 10 Ma after obduction.
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hal-04568511 , version 1 (05-05-2024)

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Dominique Cluzel, Fabien Trotet, Jean-Louis Paquette. Petrology and Geochemistry of an Unusual Granulite Facies Xenolith of the Late Oligocene Post-Obduction Koum Granodiorite (New Caledonia, Southwest Pacific): Geodynamic Inferences. Minerals, 2024, 14 (5), pp.466. ⟨10.3390/min14050466⟩. ⟨hal-04568511⟩
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